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Wednesday, September 2, 2009

Parasites: New Findings

Parasites are easily eliminated from the body within a few hours with the correct frequencies. Each parasite strain requires at least eight frequencies to knock out each stage of the life cycle plus a frequency to knock out a critical protein. For some parasites there will be several strains in the body.

The complexity of multiple frequencies and multiple strains makes it difficult for most researchers to systematically eliminate parasites. Frequency Foundation has spent more than a decade of research to be able to do this consistently and effectively with frequencies only.

Ongoing research on the ability of parasites to evade the immune system is of interest for pursuing frequency strategies that can shorten frequency application time.

Parasite immunomodulation and polymorphisms of the immune system

Rick M Maizels emailCentre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, and Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, UK author email corresponding author email
Journal of Biology 2009, 8:62doi:10.1186/jbiol166
The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://jbiol.com/content/8/7/62
Published: 5 August 2009 © 2009 BioMed Central Ltd

Abstract

Parasites are accomplished evaders of host immunity. Their evasion strategies have shaped every facet of the immune system, driving diversity within gene families and immune gene polymorphisms within populations. New studies published recently in BMC Biology and Journal of Experimental Medicine document parasite-associated immunosuppression in natural populations and suggest that host genetic variants favoring resistance to parasites may be detrimental in the absence of infection.

Parasites

Parasites are eukaryotic pathogens, and broadly comprise protozoa, fungi, helminths and arthropods (Figure 1) that complete part or all of their life cycle within a host organism. Like other pathogens, parasites must survive in the face of a highly potent immune system. They succeed in this through a great diversity of strategies for avoiding immune detection, suppressing cellular immunity and deflecting immune attack mechanisms. It has been suggested that the need to overcome suppressive mechanisms of parasites may have led to compensatory adjustments in immune genes that, in an environment where parasitic infection is not endemic, may increase the likelihood of inappropriate responsiveness to self-antigens (autoimmunity) and environmental allergens (allergy). This notion has become known as the hygiene hypothesis [1]. Two recent papers, from Jackson et al. [2] and Fumagalli et al. [3] lend support to this hypothesis.

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